Pentecost in Acts vs. Shavuot in Exodus

WHAT DO THE GIVING OF LAW OF MOSES AND PENTECOST HAVE IN COMMON?

Shavuot

Shavuot or Feast of Weeks is an annual celebration of the wheat harvest and the Law of Moses that occurs 50 days after First Fruits of the barley harvest (Leviticus 23: 9-17).  Pentecost is another name for Shavuot and is associated with the Baptism of the Holy Spirit and what many Christians call  “the birth of the church.”  Notably, during the Shavuot service, the rabbi lifts up two loaves of bread.  Messianic believers say that the loaves represent Jew and Gentile, one in Messiah.

Many parallels exist between the giving of the Law of Moses on Mount Sinai in Exodus and the outpouring of the Holy Spirit in Jerusalem recorded in the Book of Acts.   They occurred around the same feast day, Shavuot.  In Exodus, God wrote the Ten Commandments with His finger on tablets of stone on Mount Sinai.  In Acts, He wrote His Commandments on human hearts in Jerusalem.. Both were accompanied by violent noise and fire.  (Some interpret the “thunderings” on Mount Sinai as “voices,” perhaps different languages.)  The people at Sinai feared the Lord and refused to come near the mountain.  When they broke God’s commandments by worshipping the Golden Calf, three thousand of them were destroyed.  The Book of Acts records that 3000 people were saved at Pentecost. They were willing to let God write His commandments on their hearts.

Compare the following scriptures in Exodus with those in Acts.

EXODUS

So it came about on the third day, when it was morning, that there were thunder and lightning flashes and a thick cloud upon the mountain[Mount Sinai] and a very loud trumpet sound, so that all the people who were in the camp trembled.  And Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain.  Now Mount Sinai was all in smoke because the LORD descended upon it in fire; and its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked violently.  When the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke and God answered him with thunder (Exodus 19: 16-19, NASB).1-

In Exodus 20: 1-17,  God “spoke” the Ten Commandments.  The people responded with fear.  All the people perceived the thunder and the lightning flashes and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled and stood at a distance.  Then they said to Moses, “Speak to us yourself and we will listen; but let not God speak to us, or we will die.”  Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid; for God has come in order to test you, and in order that the fear of Him may remain with you, so that you many not sin.”  So the people stood at a distance, while Moses approached the thick cloud where God was (Exodus 20: 18-21 NASB).

When the people saw that Moses had not come down from the mountain but was staying there a long time, they gathered around Aaron and said to him, “We do not know what has happened to this man Moses, who led us out of Egypt; so make us a god to lead us (Exodus 32: 1, GNT).

MosesBreakingTabletsOfStone

My Grandmother’s Old Holy Bible

 

The LORD said to Moses, Hurray and go back down, because your people, whom you led out of Egypt, have sinned and rejected me.  They have already left the way that I commanded them to follow; they have made a bull-calf out of melted gold and have worshiped it and offered sacrifices to it.  The are saying that this is their God who led them out of Egypt (Exodus 32: 7-8, GNT).

Moses saw that Aaron had let the people get out of control and make fools of themselves in front of their enemies.  So he stood at the gate of the camp and shouted, “Everyone who is on the LORD’s side come over here!”  Moses saw that Aaron had let the people get out of control and make fools of themselves in front of their enemies.  So he stood at the gate of the camp and shouted, “Everyone who is on the LORD’s side come over here!”  So all the Levites gathered around him, and he said to them, “The LORD God of Israel commands every one of you to put on your sword and go through the camp from this gate to the other and kill your brothers, your friends, and your neighbors.”  The Levites obeyed, and killed about three thousand men that day gathered around him, and he said to them, “The LORD God of Israel commands every one of you to put on your sword and go through the camp from this gate to the other and kill your brothers, your friends, and your neighbors.”  The Levites obeyed, and killed about three thousand men that day (Exodus 32: 25-28, GNT).

ACTS

dove

When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place.  Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting.  They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them.  All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.  When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard them speaking in his own language.  Utterly amazed, they asked: “Are not all these men who are speaking Galileans?  Then how is it that each of us hears them in his own native language?  Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Capadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs–we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!” (Acts 2: 1-4, NIV)

Peter told the people, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins.  And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit” (Acts 2: 38, NIV).

Those who accepted his [Peter’s] message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their number that day (Acts 2: 41, NIV).

Notice that in Exodus and in Acts, violent sounds and fire accompanied the events during Shavuot/Pentecost.  Three thousand people died in Exodus for breaking God’s commandments.  Three thousand people accepted Peter’s message, repented of their sins and were saved in the Book of Acts.  What made the difference?

THE OLD COVENANT AND THE NEW COVENANT

God’s commandments have not been done away with.  The difference between the Old Covenant and New Covenant is found in Jeremiah 31: 31-33.  The LORD says, “The time is coming when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and with the people of Judah.  It will not be like the old covenant that I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand and led them out of Egypt.  Although I was like a husband to them, they did not keep that covenant.  The new covenant that I will make with the people of Israel will be this:  I will put my law within them and write it on their hearts.  I will be their God, and they will be my people.  None of them will have to teach a neighbor to know the LORD, because all will knw me, from the least to the greatest.  I will forgive their sins and I will no longer remember their wrongs.  I, the LORD, have spoken” (GNT).  (See Ezekiel 36: 26-27 also.)

THE NEW COVENANT IS SEALED WITH THE BLOOD OF THE MESSIAH

During the Last Supper, Jesus said, “This is my blood of the New Covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins” (Matthew 26: 28, NASB).

For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins  (Hebrews 10: 4, NASB).

Yeshua (Jesus) the Messiah is God’s Lamb.

REPENT, RECIEVE YESHUA AS YOUR LORD AND SAVIOR, AND RECEIVE THE GIFT OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God (Romans 3: 23, Holy Bible).

Prayer:  LORD, forgive my sins.  I accept  Yeshua, Your Son and Messiah, as my Lord and Savior.  Come into my life and fill me with your Holy Spirit.  In Yeshua’s name.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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3 comments

  1. Thank you and so loved this comparison in scriptures. Was so delighted by the comparison of the 3,000. Isn’t God just so amazing! Thank you for the blessing. ~ Wynema

  2. Yes, God is amazing!!! I love finding correlations between the Old and New Testaments, which fit together like hand in glove. Thank you for commenting. Love & blessings to you, Wynema!

  3. Maralee Sjerven · · Reply

    This is wonderful! I was supposed to write a lesson on this exact thing this week for a bar & bat class I help teach tomorrow, then me and two of my kids got a nasty virus. Would it be okay if I used this tomorrow? I will fully credit you.

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