Purim: Then and Now

As a result of the Nuremberg trials, ten of Hitler’s henchmen were hanged.  Before the hanging, one of them remembered the hanging of Haman’s ten sons that took place on the first Purim some 2500 years earlier.  Just as Hitler had tried to eliminate all of the Jews through his “Final Solution,” the evil Haman had plotted to kill all of the Jews in Persia.

The First Purim

Purim is a celebration of the Hebrews’ deliverance from Haman of Persia.  Purim occurs during the middle of the month of Adar.  This year, on the Gregorian calendar, Purim fell on March 4.

The events surrounding Purim are recorded in the Book of Esther.  The Persian official Haman–through a slight of hand–arranged to have the Jewish people.exterminated.  His plan also called for hanging his rival Mordecai (Queen Esther’s uncle), on the gallows.  When Ester informed her husband, King Xerxes of Persia, that she was Jewish and exposed Haman’s deception, the king was enraged with Haman.  The Persian king, Esther, and Mordecai found a way to prevent the holocaust; and, in a twist of irony, Xerxes ordered that Haman be hanged on the same gallows that Haman had built for Mordecai.

Meanwhile, fighting ensued among Persians and Jews.  The Hebrews prevailed and Haman’s ten sons were killed.  Their bodies were hanged on the gallows.  That is what prompted one of Hitler’s henchmen to remember Purim.

In recent times, some have threatened to wipe Israel off the map.  Is it coincidental that Benjamin Netanyahu gave his speech on the eve of Purim?  Was the timing arranged by God or man?

NOTE:  Haman was not a Persian.  He was “the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews” (Esther 9: 24a, NASB).  In other words, Haman was a descendant of Agag.  There are two mentions of Agag, an Amalekite king, in the Bible.  (Agag was either a name or a title).  The first reference appears in Balaam’s prophecy concerning Israel and the nations (Numbers 24: 1-9).

The second reference to “Agag the king of the Amalekites” appears in I Samuel 15: 8-9, 20, and 32-33. Saul killed the Amalekites but spared Agag against God’s directive. Samuel confronted Saul about his disobedience and killed Agag.



14 thoughts on “Purim: Then and Now

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  1. Please read your own books (Torah) or your own news papers:

    Does not anyone of you remember to have learned in the school that Persian Cyrus freed the Jews from Babylonian Captivity and rebuilt the temple? That is even written in the Bible and the Torah, has anyone read those books?

    “His treatment of the Jews during their exile in Babylon after Nebuchadnezzar II destroyed Jerusalem is reported in the Bible. The Jewish Bible’s Ketuvim ends in Second Chronicles with the decree of Cyrus, which returned the exiles to the Promised Land from Babylon along with a commission to rebuild the temple.

    Thus saith Cyrus, king of Persia: All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD, the God of heaven given me; and He hath charged me to build Him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whosoever there is among you of all His people – the LORD, his God, be with him – let him go there. (2 Chronicles 36:23)

    This edict is also fully reproduced in the Book of Ezra.

    In the first year of King Cyrus, Cyrus the king issued a decree: “Concerning the house of God at Jerusalem, let the temple, the place where sacrifices are offered, be rebuilt and let its foundations be retained, its height being 60 cubits and its width 60 cubits; with three layers of huge stones and one layer of timbers. And let the cost be paid from the royal treasury. Also let the gold and silver utensils of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took from the temple in Jerusalem and brought to Babylon, be returned and brought to their places in the temple in Jerusalem; and you shall put them in the house of God.” (Ezra 6:3–5)


    1. I read the entire Bible–Genesis to Revelation and spend a lot of time in the Torah, the writings, and the prophets. I have the greatest respect for King Cyrus and King Xerxes of Persia. Didn’t you notice my high praise for the King of Persia (Xerxes/Ahasuerus) who saved the Jews from extinction in my post “Purim: Then and Now”? I would like see more leaders like Cyrus and Xerxes in the world today, wouldn’t you?

      1. You are right. Haman was NOT a Persian. He was “the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews” (Esther 9: 24a, NASB). I should have mentioned that. Thank you for calling the oversight to my attention. I will edit my post. to include that.

      1. You never hear that too often in the media, because they are living good in Iran. Hence it is not sensational enough to be reported.

        Happy that you like the name of the blog. It is totally non-political. It is about the people of Iran, those people outside Iran never hear from and who are misrepresented. Most suffer under a bad regime and are also unjustly identified in generalizing statements of foreign media with the regime that oppresses them.
        I mean statements like “Iran hates Israel” or “Iran hates the US”.
        The vast majority of the people in Iran are very open to other cultures, nations and religions. The best source to validate my statement is to look at travel reports by foreigners who went to Iran:
        (everyone who really has went to Iran, even with initial doubt and hesitation, had to revisit his/her views)
        Check out yourself, I think the part about the travel reports is a highlight of the blog.
        All humans are the same, they have to spend time together as equals, after that it is impossible that they fear or hate each other.

  2. P.S. I have to disagree with the following statement though: “All humans are the same, they have to spend time together as equals, after that it is impossible that they fear or hate each other.” I understand what you’re saying, but I don’t see it happening in real life. I know many people–families, co-workers, etc.–that don’t get along–no matter how much time they spend together.

    Since Eden, man has had a sin problem. Sin separates man from God. “God is love” (1 John 4: 16, NASB). God does not want “for any to perish but for all to come to repentance” (2 Peter 3: 9). You’ve probably heard the rest of the “sermon.” Salvation is through Yeshua, who paid for the sins of humankind at Calvary.

    The point is that as long as man is separated from God, we will never have peace on earth. I’m speaking in generalities when I say that no amount of negotiation will bring about peace on earth. Negotiations may help for a time but they won’t “fix” the problem. Neither will war “fix” the problem. The problem is with the heart of man, and only God can change the heart (Jeremiah 31: 31-33; Hebrews 10: 16; 2 Corinthians 3: 3; Luke 22: 20).

    Meanwhile, it does help to learn about other people, cultures, and countries. Your blog is giving me a broader view of “Persians”– your culture, your differences, and beautiful homeland. I look forward to more.

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