THE “ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION” IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate (Daniel 9: 27).
And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate (Daniel 11: 31).
And from the time that the regular sacrifice is abolished and the abomination of desolation is set us, there will be 1,290 days (Daniel 12: 12).I
MACCABEES, BOOK 1
After Alexander the Greek died, leaving no successor, his generals divided his kingdom into four parts. One part was the Seleucid Empire. During the time of the Maccabees, Antiochus IV Epiphanes ruled the Seleucid Empire. Daniel refers to him as the King of the North (Daniel 11: 6).
Maccabees I and II are historical books written between the Old and New Testaments. According to Maccabees, Antiochus IV Epiphanes “changed the times” (meaning God’s Appointed Times in Leviticus 23), set up the abomination of desolation in the Temple in Jerusalem, and proclaimed himself to be God.
Antiochus IV ruled the Seleucid Empire during the time of the Maccabees, the name of the Jewish family that led the revolt against Antiochus. Antiochus defiled the Temple. The Maccabees defeated him and cleansed the Temple. When the Temple was rededicated, the scant oil burned miraculously for eight days. (This is the origin of Hanukkah–a.k.a. the Feast of Dedication–which Jesus celebrated in John 10: 22-23).
Antiochus IV fulfilled Daniel’s prophecy about the abomination of desolation in part. I say “in part” because history repeats itself. Antiochus is the forerunner of the anti-christ. Read on.
THE “ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION” IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) Then let them which be in Judea flee into the mountains: Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house: Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes (Matthew 24: 15-18).
But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judea flee to the mountains: And let him that is on the housetop not go down into the house, neither enter therein, to take any thing out of his house: And let him that is in the field not turn back again for to take up his garment (Mark 13: 14-16).
Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him, That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of the Christ is at hand. Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshiped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God (II Thessalonians 2: 1-4).
* The verses above are quotes from the King James Bible.
**Recommended reading: Daniel, especially chapters 7-12; I and II Maccabees; Mathew 24 and Mark 13; 1 John 2: 18-23 Book of Revelation, especially chapters 12, 13, 17, and 19.