The new Gentile converts had been saved by the blood of Christ, but the Jewish believers in Jesus didn’t know what to do with them. So they decided to teach them the basics (don’t consume blood, don’t fornicate, etc.) and encourage them to learn about Moses (the Torah) in the synagogues.
Every time Paul referred to the scriptures, he was talking about the Old Testament or Tenakh. The New Testament had not as yet been written and canonized.
Dispute in Antioch
15 Some men came down from Judea and began to teach the brothers: “Unless you are circumcised according to the custom prescribed by Moses, you cannot be saved!” 2 But after Paul and Barnabas had engaged them in serious argument and debate, the church arranged for Paul and Barnabas and some others of them to go up to the apostles and elders in Jerusalem concerning this controversy. 3 When they had been sent on their way by the church, they passed through both Phoenicia and Samaria, explaining in detail the conversion of the Gentiles, and they created great joy among all the brothers.
4 When they arrived at Jerusalem, they were welcomed by the church, the apostles, and the elders, and they reported all that God had done with them. 5 But some of the believers from the party…
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